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content:medicine:diseases:r-z:rheumatoid_arthritis

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic severe inflammatory disease believed to affect around 1% of the global population. It primarily affects joints,which typically become warm, swollen,and painful. Pain and stiffness often worsen following rest. Most commonly, the wrists and hands are involved, with the same joints typically involved on both sides of the body.

The disease may also affect other parts of the body, sometimes involving low red blood cell count, inflammation around the lungs, and inflammation around the heart.

Scientists believe that rheumatoid arthritis may result from the interaction of many factors such as genetics, hormones, and the environment. Although rheumatoid arthritis sometimes runs in families, the actual cause of rheumatoid arthritis is still unknown.
Research suggests that a person's genetic makeup is an important part of the picture, but not the whole story. Some evidence shows that infectious agents, such as viruses and bacteria, may trigger rheumatoid arthritis in people with an inherited tendency to develop the disease. However, a specific agent or agents are not yet known."

Source: US National Institutes of Health

There is currently no hard evidence that physical and emotional effects or stress are a trigger for the disease. The many negative findings suggest that either the trigger varies, or that it could be a chance event associated with the immune response.

Note : One of the frequently used treatment drugs Sodium aurothiomalateplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigSodium aurothiomalate

Sodium aurothiomalate (a.k.a. gold sodium thiomalate, and sold under the brand names Myocrisin, Myochrysine, Aurolate and others) is a gold compound, first tested in 1929, that is currently used to reduce the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

It has a wide range of unpleasant side-effects, and is generally regraded as a 'last resort' medicine.
a gold salt, works by an as yet unexplained mechanism (though it's known that it inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins and has an immuno-suppressant effect).


Also see Osteoarthritisplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigOsteoarthritis

"Osteoarthritis (OA) is considered a complex multifactorial disease of weight-bearing joints, with extensive psychosocial impact. The etiology of primary OA remains unknown and the molecular and cellular mechanisms of OA initiation and progression are not fully elucidated.

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