Prions are infectious agents composed entirely of a protein material that can fold in multiple, structurally distinct ways, at least one of which is transmissible to other prion proteins, leading to disease in a manner that is epidemiologically comparable to the spread of viral infection. Prions composed of the prion protein (PrP) are believed to be the cause of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) among other diseases.â€ś
Source : Wikipedia
Prions don't contain DNA, so aren't normally considered to be in any sense 'alive' (see:). Nevertheless, prions can readily replicate within organisms. The mechanism(s) by which they do so has not yet been determined.
There are currently two main theories :
Neither explains all the observed manifestations. See: Prion replication mechanism, Wikipedia.
Also see :
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