Vascular dementia (VD) is the second most common cause of dementia following Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The major symptoms of VD including memory loss, language deficits and impairment of executive functions. Its specific etiology and pathogenesis remain unknown.
Source: Cell and Tissue Banking volume 21, pages 349–360(2020)
Vascular dementia (known by the abbreviations VaD and VD) is dementia caused by problems in the supply of blood to the brain, typically a series of minor strokes, leading to worsening cognitive decline that occurs step by step.
Although it's known that VaD is due to faulty blood supply, in most cases the cause of the blood vessel decline is unknown.
Risk factors which can increase the chances of VaD developing include smoking,, cardiovascular disease and ageing in general.
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