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content:medicine:diseases:g-l:hangover

Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of Unknowns Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of the Unknown

Hangover

Despite its ubiquity and history spanning several thousand years, the understanding of alcohol-induced 'Hangover' is limited.

Alcohol hangover is characterized by adverse physical and mental effects that occur the next morning after the intake of toxic doses of alcohol. This phenomenon is a very frequent experience among alcohol-consuming people and it has been associated to high socio-economic costs, mainly due to absenteeism and poor performance in academic and work settings. Multiple theories exist to explain the appearance and severity of hangover, such as direct or indirect effects of alcohol, alcohol withdrawal, and toxic effects of alcoholic beverage congeners or of alcohol metabolites. In addition, a number of intervening factors have been identified, such as vulnerability to alcohol dependence or psychological factors.
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Although several studies analyze and describe hangover, it is still poorly understood. Further well-designed studies with a unitary methodology and clear operational criteria to define hangover are necessary in order to clarify such a phenomenon."

Source : Alcohol hangover: a critical review of explanatory factors in: Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, Volume 24, Issue 4

Also see : Hangover Resistanceplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigHangover Resistance

A proportion of adults are (or claim to be) 'immune' from developing hangovers after heavy alcohol consumption.

The underlying biochemical process(es) that may exempt some drinkers from hangovers is currently unknown.

In addition, estimates vary widely as to the prevalence of 'hangover resistance'.
and Alcohol intoxicationplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigAlcohol intoxication

"Despite the fact that alcohol has been used and misused for hundreds of years, the mechanism of action of this simple molecule remains the subject of study. Alcohol use results in diverse behavioral effects, including intoxication, cognitive impairment, motor incoordination, tolerance and dependence, and these effects are likely due to its actions on multiple brain proteins.


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