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Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of Unknowns Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of the Unknown

Diabetes (type 1)

Type 1 Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone required for the body to regulate and use blood sugar.

The classic symptoms are frequent urination, increased thirst, constant hunger, weight loss, vision changes and fatigue. It's a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and frequently leads to lower limb amputation.

It's believed to affect around 8% of the global population (more than 400 million) and the incidence is increasing.

Neither the cause of Type 1 diabetes nor the means to prevent it are known.
Source: World Health Organization

A number of possible theories of its cause(s) have been suggested, including genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, and exposure to an antigen.

Further info. at Wikipedia


Also see : Gestational diabetesplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigGestational diabetes

"Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance of various degrees that is first detected during pregnancy. GDM is detected through the screening of pregnant women for clinical risk factors and, among at-risk women, testing …

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