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Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of Unknowns Wikenigma - an Encyclopedia of the Unknown

Burning mouth syndrome (BMS)

Burning mouth syndrome is a burning sensation in the mouth with no identifiable dental or medical cause.

It's a benign, though distressing, condition which affects around 1 in 20,000 people. It's known to be linked with depression - though not exclusively. It also tends to co-occur with headaches.

The cause is unknown. but recent research is concentrating on possible links with faulty (natural) steroid levels.

__It would be foolhardy to not start with the statement that the etiology and pathogenesis of burning mouth syndrome is unknown.__ In fact, there is ongoing debate as to whether it is primarily a physiological or a somatoform disorder. At present, most accept that the etiology is multi-factorial with mounting evidence for a physiological basis.

See : Int J Oral Sci, 2(1): 1–4, 2010 - 1

Note: There are other diseases, e.g. Sjögren syndromeplugin-autotooltip__plain plugin-autotooltip_bigSjögren syndrome

Sjögren syndrome (SS) is a systemic long-term auto-immune condition which affects glands in the body's moisture-producing surfaces. Leading to dry eyes, dry mouth, dry skin, pain and fatigue. It can also strongly affect other organs, such as the lungs,…
, which are known to cause similar symptoms, but the term BMS is specifically used when no cause is evident.

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