Burning mouth syndrome is a burning sensation in the mouth with no identifiable dental or medical cause.
It's a benign, though distressing, condition which affects around 1 in 20,000 people. It's known to be linked with depression - though not exclusively. It also tends to co-occur with headaches.
The cause is unknown. but recent research is concentrating on possible links with faulty (natural) steroid levels.
__It would be foolhardy to not start with the statement that the etiology and pathogenesis of burning mouth syndrome is unknown.__ In fact, there is ongoing debate as to whether it is primarily a physiological or a somatoform disorder. At present, most accept that the etiology is multi-factorial with mounting evidence for a physiological basis.
Note: There are other diseases, e.g., which are known to cause similar symptoms, but the term BMS is specifically used when no cause is evident.
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