c. 1300, from late Old English tadige, tadie, of unknown origin and according to OED with no known cognates outside English. Applied to loathsome persons from 1560s. Toad-strangler “heavy rain” is from 1919, U.S. Southern dialectal.
Source: Online Etymology Dictionary
Note: The Online Etymology Dictionary maintains a free-access list of the origins of thousands if English words, a significant proportion of which are unknown
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