Soda (n.) late 15c., â€śsodium carbonate,â€ť an alkaline substance extracted from certain ashes (now made artificially), from Italian sida (or Medieval Latin soda) â€śa kind of saltwort,â€ť from which soda was obtained, of uncertain origin. Perhaps it is from a Catalan sosa, attested from late 13c., of uncertain origin. Proposed Arabic sources in a name of a variety of saltwort have not been attested and that theory is no longer considered valid. Another theory, considered far-fetched in some quarters, traces it to Medieval Latin sodanum â€śa headache remedy,â€ť ultimately from Arabic suda â€śsplitting headache.â€ť
Source : Online Etymology Dictionary
The element Sodium is named via its extraction from soda as above.
Note: The Online Etymology Dictionary maintains a free-access list of the origins of thousands of English words, a significant proportion of which are unknown
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